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Vacuum Evaporation Wastewater Treatment Systems

Vacuum Evaporation Water Treatment

Vacuum Evaporation Water Treatment designed for larger volume. The evaporation takes place inside of a vacuum chamber at about 28” of water. This condition causes wastewater to start boiling at approximately 100ºF. The vapor from this process is condensed in a condenser and it is discharged as water. Typically, if the waste stream does not have any constituent that evaporates below 100ºF, the water can be recycled and reused. Special attention is given to the selection of the material for the vacuum chamber and the cooling tubes in the condenser. The combination of vacuum pump, vacuum chamber, condenser and the refrigeration system makes this technology somewhat capital intensive.

Waste Water Neutralization Calculations_U S

1. Caustic Addition – (pH is too low and must be raised)
Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes
Inputs
Calculations

gmp

WW Flow Rate, Qww =

gal/day

Moles/L of OH needed =

moles/L

Incoming pH, pHin =

NaOH rate needed =

moles/day

Desired pH, pHout =

Caustic solution rate =

lb/day

Caustic sol’n % NaOH =

Caustic solution rate =

gal/day

Caustic sol’n density, ρ =

lb/gal

Daily cost of caustic =

$/day

Caustic solution cost =

$/lb

Wastewater Neutralization Calculations – U.S. units
1. Caustic Addition – (pH is too low and must be raised)
Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes
Inputs

gmp

WW Flow Rate, Qww =

gal/day

Incoming pH, pHin =

Desired pH, pHout =

Caustic sol’n % NaOH =

Caustic sol’n density, ρ =

lb/gal

Caustic solution cost =

$/lb

Calculations

Moles/L of OH needed =

moles/L

NaOH rate needed =

moles/day

Caustic solution rate =

lb/day

Caustic solution rate =

gal/day

Daily cost of caustic =

$/day

Wastewater Neutralization Calculations – U.S. units
2. Acid Addition – (pH is too high and must be lowered)
Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes
Inputs
Calculations

gmp

WW Flow Rate, Qww =

gal/day

Moles/L of H+ needed =

moles/L

Incoming pH, pHin =

H2SO4 rate needed =

moles/day

Desired pH, pHout =

Acid solution rate =

lb/day

Acid sol’n % H2SO4 =

Acid solution rate =

gal/day

Acid sol’n density, ρ =

lb/gal

Daily cost of acid =

$/day

Acid solution cost =

$/lb

Wastewater Neutralization Calculations – U.S. units
2. Acid Addition – (pH is too high and must be lowered)
Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes
Inputs

gmp

WW Flow Rate, Qww =

gal/day

Incoming pH, pHin =

Desired pH, pHout =

Acid sol’n % H2SO4 =

Acid sol’n density, ρ =

lb/gal

Acid solution cost =

$/lb

Calculations

Moles/L of H+ needed =

moles/L

H2SO4 rate needed =

moles/day

Acid solution rate =

lb/day

Acid solution rate =

gal/day

Daily cost of acid =

$/day